Source code for imapclient.imapclient

# Copyright (c) 2015, Menno Smits
# Released subject to the New BSD License
# Please see

from __future__ import unicode_literals

import imaplib
import itertools
import select
import socket
import sys
import re
from datetime import datetime, date
from operator import itemgetter

from six import moves, iteritems, text_type, integer_types, PY3, binary_type, iterbytes

# Confusingly, this module is for OAUTH v1, not v2
    import oauth2 as oauth_module
except ImportError:
    oauth_module = None

from . import imap4
from . import response_lexer
from . import tls
from .datetime_util import datetime_to_INTERNALDATE, format_criteria_date
from .imap_utf7 import encode as encode_utf7, decode as decode_utf7
from .response_parser import parse_response, parse_message_list, parse_fetch_response
from .util import to_bytes, to_unicode
xrange = moves.xrange

if PY3:
    long = int  # long is just int in python3

__all__ = ['IMAPClient', 'DELETED', 'SEEN', 'ANSWERED', 'FLAGGED', 'DRAFT', 'RECENT']

# We also offer the gmail-specific XLIST command...
if 'XLIST' not in imaplib.Commands:
    imaplib.Commands['XLIST'] = imaplib.Commands['LIST']

# ...and IDLE
if 'IDLE' not in imaplib.Commands:
    imaplib.Commands['IDLE'] = imaplib.Commands['APPEND']

# ..and STARTTLS
if 'STARTTLS' not in imaplib.Commands:
    imaplib.Commands['STARTTLS'] = ('NONAUTH',)

# ...and ID. RFC2971 says that this command is valid in all states,
# but not that some servers (*cough* FastMail *cough*) don't seem to
# accept it in state NONAUTH.
if 'ID' not in imaplib.Commands:
    imaplib.Commands['ID'] = ('NONAUTH', 'AUTH', 'SELECTED')

# System flags
DELETED = br'\Deleted'
SEEN = br'\Seen'
ANSWERED = br'\Answered'
FLAGGED = br'\Flagged'
DRAFT = br'\Draft'
RECENT = br'\Recent'         # This flag is read-only

class Namespace(tuple):

    def __new__(cls, personal, other, shared):
        return tuple.__new__(cls, (personal, other, shared))

    personal = property(itemgetter(0))
    other = property(itemgetter(1))
    shared = property(itemgetter(2))

[docs]class IMAPClient(object): """A connection to the IMAP server specified by *host* is made when this class is instantiated. *port* defaults to 143, or 993 if *ssl* is ``True``. If *use_uid* is ``True`` unique message UIDs be used for all calls that accept message ids (defaults to ``True``). If *ssl* is ``True`` an SSL connection will be made (defaults to ``False``). If *ssl* is ``True`` the optional *ssl_context* argument can be used to provide a ``backports.ssl.SSLContext`` instance used to control SSL/TLS connection parameters. If this is not provided a sensible default context will be used. If *stream* is ``True`` then *host* is used as the command to run to establish a connection to the IMAP server (defaults to ``False``). This is useful for exotic connection or authentication setups. Use *timeout* to specify a timeout for the socket connected to the IMAP server. The timeout applies during the initial connection to the server and for all future socket reads and writes. The default is for no timeout to be used. The *normalise_times* attribute specifies whether datetimes returned by ``fetch()`` are normalised to the local system time and include no timezone information (native), or are datetimes that include timezone information (aware). By default *normalise_times* is True (times are normalised to the local system time). This attribute can be changed between ``fetch()`` calls if required. The *debug* property can be used to enable debug logging. It can be set to an integer from 0 to 5 where 0 disables debug output and 5 enables full output with wire logging and parsing logs. ``True`` and ``False`` can also be assigned where ``True`` sets debug level 4. By default, debug output goes to stderr. The *log_file* attribute can be assigned to an alternate file handle for writing debug output to. """ Error = imaplib.IMAP4.error AbortError = imaplib.IMAP4.abort ReadOnlyError = imaplib.IMAP4.readonly def __init__(self, host, port=None, use_uid=True, ssl=False, stream=False, ssl_context=None, timeout=None): if stream: if port is not None: raise ValueError("can't set 'port' when 'stream' True") if ssl: raise ValueError("can't use 'ssl' when 'stream' is True") elif port is None: port = ssl and 993 or 143 = host self.port = port self.ssl = ssl self.ssl_context = ssl_context = stream self.use_uid = use_uid self.folder_encode = True self.log_file = sys.stderr self.normalise_times = True self._timeout = timeout self._starttls_done = False self._cached_capabilities = None self._imap = self._create_IMAP4() self._imap._mesg = self._log # patch in custom debug log method self._idle_tag = None self._set_timeout() def _create_IMAP4(self): if return imaplib.IMAP4_stream( if self.ssl: return tls.IMAP4_TLS(, self.port, self.ssl_context, self._timeout) return imap4.IMAP4WithTimeout(, self.port, self._timeout) def _set_timeout(self): if self._timeout is not None: self._sock.settimeout(self._timeout) @property def _sock(self): # In py2, imaplib has sslobj (for SSL connections), and sock for non-SSL. # In the py3 version it's just sock. return getattr(self._imap, 'sslobj', self._imap.sock)
[docs] def starttls(self, ssl_context=None): """Switch to an SSL encrypted connection by sending a STARTTLS command. The *ssl_context* argument is optional and should be a :py:class:`backports.ssl.SSLContext` object. If no SSL context is given, a SSL context with reasonable default settings will be used. You can enable checking of the hostname in the certificate presented by the server against the hostname which was used for connecting, by setting the *check_hostname* attribute of the SSL context to ``True``. The default SSL context has this setting enabled. Raises :py:exc:`Error` if the SSL connection could not be established. Raises :py:exc:`AbortError` if the server does not support STARTTLS or an SSL connection is already established. """ if self.ssl or self._starttls_done: raise self.AbortError('TLS session already established') typ, data = self._imap._simple_command("STARTTLS") self._checkok('starttls', typ, data) self._starttls_done = True self._imap.sock = tls.wrap_socket(self._imap.sock, ssl_context, self._imap.file = self._imap.sock.makefile() return data[0]
[docs] def login(self, username, password): """Login using *username* and *password*, returning the server response. """ return self._command_and_check( 'login', to_unicode(username), to_unicode(password), unpack=True, )
[docs] def oauth_login(self, url, oauth_token, oauth_token_secret, consumer_key='anonymous', consumer_secret='anonymous'): """Authenticate using the OAUTH method. This only works with IMAP servers that support OAUTH (e.g. Gmail). """ if oauth_module: token = oauth_module.Token(oauth_token, oauth_token_secret) consumer = oauth_module.Consumer(consumer_key, consumer_secret) xoauth_callable = lambda x: oauth_module.build_xoauth_string(url, consumer, token) return self._command_and_check('authenticate', 'XOAUTH', xoauth_callable, unpack=True) else: raise self.Error('The optional oauth2 package is needed for OAUTH authentication')
[docs] def oauth2_login(self, user, access_token, mech='XOAUTH2', vendor=None): """Authenticate using the OAUTH2 method. Gmail and Yahoo both support the 'XOAUTH2' mechanism, but Yahoo requires the 'vendor' portion in the payload. """ auth_string = 'user=%s\1auth=Bearer %s\1' % (user, access_token) if vendor: auth_string += 'vendor=%s\1' % vendor auth_string += '\1' return self._command_and_check('authenticate', mech, lambda x: auth_string)
[docs] def logout(self): """Logout, returning the server response. """ typ, data = self._imap.logout() self._check_resp('BYE', 'logout', typ, data) return data[0]
[docs] def shutdown(self): """Close the connection to the IMAP server (without logging out) In most cases, :py:meth:`.logout` should be used instead of this. The logout method also shutdown down the connection. """ self._imap.shutdown()
[docs] def id_(self, parameters=None): """Issue the ID command, returning a dict of server implementation fields. *parameters* should be specified as a dictionary of field/value pairs, for example: ``{"name": "IMAPClient", "version": "0.12"}`` """ if not self.has_capability('ID'): raise ValueError('server does not support IMAP ID extension') if parameters is None: args = 'NIL' else: if not isinstance(parameters, dict): raise TypeError("'parameters' should be a dictionary") args = seq_to_parenstr( _quote(v) for v in itertools.chain.from_iterable(parameters.items())) typ, data = self._imap._simple_command('ID', args) self._checkok('id', typ, data) typ, data = self._imap._untagged_response(typ, data, 'ID') return parse_response(data)
[docs] def capabilities(self): """Returns the server capability list. If the session is authenticated and the server has returned an untagged CAPABILITY response at authentication time, this response will be returned. Otherwise, the CAPABILITY command will be issued to the server, with the results cached for future calls. If the session is not yet authenticated, the capabilities requested at connection time will be returned. """ # Ensure cached capabilities aren't used post-STARTTLS. As per # if self._starttls_done and self._imap.state == 'NONAUTH': self._cached_capabilities = None return self._do_capabilites() # If a capability response has been cached, use that. if self._cached_capabilities: return self._cached_capabilities # If the server returned an untagged CAPABILITY response # (during authentication), cache it and return that. untagged = _dict_bytes_normaliser(self._imap.untagged_responses) response = untagged.pop(b'CAPABILITY', None) if response: self._cached_capabilities = self._normalise_capabilites(response[0]) return self._cached_capabilities # If authenticated, but don't have a capability reponse, ask for one if self._imap.state in ('SELECTED', 'AUTH'): self._cached_capabilities = self._do_capabilites() return self._cached_capabilities # Return capabilities that imaplib requested at connection # time (pre-auth) return tuple(to_bytes(c) for c in self._imap.capabilities)
def _do_capabilites(self): raw_response = self._command_and_check('capability', unpack=True) return self._normalise_capabilites(raw_response) def _normalise_capabilites(self, raw_response): raw_response = to_bytes(raw_response) return tuple(raw_response.upper().split())
[docs] def has_capability(self, capability): """Return ``True`` if the IMAP server has the given *capability*. """ # FIXME: this will not detect capabilities that are backwards # compatible with the current level. For instance the SORT # capabilities may in the future be named SORT2 which is # still compatible with the current standard and will not # be detected by this method. return to_bytes(capability).upper() in self.capabilities()
[docs] def namespace(self): """Return the namespace for the account as a (personal, other, shared) tuple. Each element may be None if no namespace of that type exists, or a sequence of (prefix, separator) pairs. For convenience the tuple elements may be accessed positionally or using attributes named *personal*, *other* and *shared*. See :rfc:`2342` for more details. """ data = self._command_and_check('namespace') parts = [] for item in parse_response(data): if item is None: parts.append(item) else: converted = [] for prefix, separator in item: if self.folder_encode: prefix = decode_utf7(prefix) converted.append((prefix, to_unicode(separator))) parts.append(tuple(converted)) return Namespace(*parts)
[docs] def list_folders(self, directory="", pattern="*"): """Get a listing of folders on the server as a list of ``(flags, delimiter, name)`` tuples. Specifying *directory* will limit returned folders to the given base directory. The directory and any child directories will returned. Specifying *pattern* will limit returned folders to those with matching names. The wildcards are supported in *pattern*. ``*`` matches zero or more of any character and ``%`` matches 0 or more characters except the folder delimiter. Calling list_folders with no arguments will recursively list all folders available for the logged in user. Folder names are always returned as unicode strings, and decoded from modified UTF-7, except if folder_decode is not set. """ return self._do_list('LIST', directory, pattern)
[docs] def xlist_folders(self, directory="", pattern="*"): """Execute the XLIST command, returning ``(flags, delimiter, name)`` tuples. This method returns special flags for each folder and a localized name for certain folders (e.g. the name of the inbox may be localized and the flags can be used to determine the actual inbox, even if the name has been localized. A ``XLIST`` response could look something like:: [((b'\\HasNoChildren', b'\\Inbox'), b'/', u'Inbox'), ((b'\\Noselect', b'\\HasChildren'), b'/', u'[Gmail]'), ((b'\\HasNoChildren', b'\\AllMail'), b'/', u'[Gmail]/All Mail'), ((b'\\HasNoChildren', b'\\Drafts'), b'/', u'[Gmail]/Drafts'), ((b'\\HasNoChildren', b'\\Important'), b'/', u'[Gmail]/Important'), ((b'\\HasNoChildren', b'\\Sent'), b'/', u'[Gmail]/Sent Mail'), ((b'\\HasNoChildren', b'\\Spam'), b'/', u'[Gmail]/Spam'), ((b'\\HasNoChildren', b'\\Starred'), b'/', u'[Gmail]/Starred'), ((b'\\HasNoChildren', b'\\Trash'), b'/', u'[Gmail]/Trash')] This is a *deprecated* Gmail-specific IMAP extension (See for more information). It is the responsibility of the caller to either check for ``XLIST`` in the server capabilites, or to handle the error if the server doesn't support this extension. The *directory* and *pattern* arguments are as per list_folders(). """ return self._do_list('XLIST', directory, pattern)
[docs] def list_sub_folders(self, directory="", pattern="*"): """Return a list of subscribed folders on the server as ``(flags, delimiter, name)`` tuples. The default behaviour will list all subscribed folders. The *directory* and *pattern* arguments are as per list_folders(). """ return self._do_list('LSUB', directory, pattern)
def _do_list(self, cmd, directory, pattern): directory = self._normalise_folder(directory) pattern = self._normalise_folder(pattern) typ, dat = self._imap._simple_command(cmd, directory, pattern) self._checkok(cmd, typ, dat) typ, dat = self._imap._untagged_response(typ, dat, cmd) return self._proc_folder_list(dat) def _proc_folder_list(self, folder_data): # Filter out empty strings and None's. # This also deals with the special case of - no 'untagged' # responses (ie, no folders). This comes back as [None]. folder_data = [item for item in folder_data if item not in ('', None)] ret = [] parsed = parse_response(folder_data) while parsed: # TODO: could be more efficient flags, delim, name = parsed[:3] parsed = parsed[3:] if isinstance(name, (int, long)): # Some IMAP implementations return integer folder names # with quotes. These get parsed to ints so convert them # back to strings. name = text_type(name) elif self.folder_encode: name = decode_utf7(name) ret.append((flags, delim, name)) return ret
[docs] def select_folder(self, folder, readonly=False): """Set the current folder on the server. Future calls to methods such as search and fetch will act on the selected folder. Returns a dictionary containing the ``SELECT`` response. At least the ``b'EXISTS'``, ``b'FLAGS'`` and ``b'RECENT'`` keys are guaranteed to exist. An example:: {b'EXISTS': 3, b'FLAGS': (b'\\Answered', b'\\Flagged', b'\\Deleted', ... ), b'RECENT': 0, b'PERMANENTFLAGS': (b'\\Answered', b'\\Flagged', b'\\Deleted', ... ), b'READ-WRITE': True, b'UIDNEXT': 11, b'UIDVALIDITY': 1239278212} """ self._command_and_check('select', self._normalise_folder(folder), readonly) return self._process_select_response(self._imap.untagged_responses)
def _process_select_response(self, resp): untagged = _dict_bytes_normaliser(resp) out = {} # imaplib doesn't parse these correctly (broken regex) so replace # with the raw values out of the OK section for line in untagged.get(b'OK', []): match = re.match(br'\[(?P<key>[A-Z-]+)( \((?P<data>.*)\))?\]', line) if match: key ='key') if key == b'PERMANENTFLAGS': out[key] = tuple('data').split()) for key, value in iteritems(untagged): key = key.upper() if key in (b'OK', b'PERMANENTFLAGS'): continue # already handled above elif key in (b'EXISTS', b'RECENT', b'UIDNEXT', b'UIDVALIDITY', b'HIGHESTMODSEQ'): value = int(value[0]) elif key == b'READ-WRITE': value = True elif key == b'FLAGS': value = tuple(value[0][1:-1].split()) out[key] = value return out
[docs] def noop(self): """Execute the NOOP command. This command returns immediately, returning any server side status updates. It can also be used to reset any auto-logout timers. The return value is the server command response message followed by a list of status responses. For example:: (b'NOOP completed.', [(4, b'EXISTS'), (3, b'FETCH', (b'FLAGS', (b'bar', b'sne'))), (6, b'FETCH', (b'FLAGS', (b'sne',)))]) """ tag = self._imap._command('NOOP') return self._consume_until_tagged_response(tag, 'NOOP')
[docs] def idle(self): """Put the server into IDLE mode. In this mode the server will return unsolicited responses about changes to the selected mailbox. This method returns immediately. Use ``idle_check()`` to look for IDLE responses and ``idle_done()`` to stop IDLE mode. .. note:: Any other commmands issued while the server is in IDLE mode will fail. See :rfc:`2177` for more information about the IDLE extension. """ self._idle_tag = self._imap._command('IDLE') resp = self._imap._get_response() if resp is not None: raise self.Error('Unexpected IDLE response: %s' % resp)
[docs] def idle_check(self, timeout=None): """Check for any IDLE responses sent by the server. This method should only be called if the server is in IDLE mode (see ``idle()``). By default, this method will block until an IDLE response is received. If *timeout* is provided, the call will block for at most this many seconds while waiting for an IDLE response. The return value is a list of received IDLE responses. These will be parsed with values converted to appropriate types. For example:: [(b'OK', b'Still here'), (1, b'EXISTS'), (1, b'FETCH', (b'FLAGS', (b'\\NotJunk',)))] """ sock = self._sock # make the socket non-blocking so the timeout can be # implemented for this call sock.settimeout(None) sock.setblocking(0) try: resps = [] rs, _, _ =[sock], [], [], timeout) if rs: while True: try: line = self._imap._get_line() except (socket.timeout, socket.error): break except IMAPClient.AbortError: # An imaplib.IMAP4.abort with "EOF" is raised # under Python 3 err = sys.exc_info()[1] if 'EOF' in err.args[0]: break else: raise else: resps.append(_parse_untagged_response(line)) return resps finally: sock.setblocking(1) self._set_timeout()
[docs] def idle_done(self): """Take the server out of IDLE mode. This method should only be called if the server is already in IDLE mode. The return value is of the form ``(command_text, idle_responses)`` where *command_text* is the text sent by the server when the IDLE command finished (eg. ``b'Idle terminated'``) and *idle_responses* is a list of parsed idle responses received since the last call to ``idle_check()`` (if any). These are returned in parsed form as per ``idle_check()``. """ self._imap.send(b'DONE\r\n') return self._consume_until_tagged_response(self._idle_tag, 'IDLE')
[docs] def folder_status(self, folder, what=None): """Return the status of *folder*. *what* should be a sequence of status items to query. This defaults to ``('MESSAGES', 'RECENT', 'UIDNEXT', 'UIDVALIDITY', 'UNSEEN')``. Returns a dictionary of the status items for the folder with keys matching *what*. """ if what is None: what = ('MESSAGES', 'RECENT', 'UIDNEXT', 'UIDVALIDITY', 'UNSEEN') else: what = normalise_text_list(what) what_ = '(%s)' % (' '.join(what)) data = self._command_and_check('status', self._normalise_folder(folder), what_) _, status_items = parse_response(data) return dict(as_pairs(status_items))
[docs] def close_folder(self): """Close the currently selected folder, returning the server response string. """ return self._command_and_check('close', unpack=True)
[docs] def create_folder(self, folder): """Create *folder* on the server returning the server response string. """ return self._command_and_check('create', self._normalise_folder(folder), unpack=True)
[docs] def rename_folder(self, old_name, new_name): """Change the name of a folder on the server. """ return self._command_and_check('rename', self._normalise_folder(old_name), self._normalise_folder(new_name), unpack=True)
[docs] def delete_folder(self, folder): """Delete *folder* on the server returning the server response string. """ return self._command_and_check('delete', self._normalise_folder(folder), unpack=True)
[docs] def folder_exists(self, folder): """Return ``True`` if *folder* exists on the server. """ return len(self.list_folders("", folder)) > 0
[docs] def subscribe_folder(self, folder): """Subscribe to *folder*, returning the server response string. """ return self._command_and_check('subscribe', self._normalise_folder(folder))
[docs] def unsubscribe_folder(self, folder): """Unsubscribe to *folder*, returning the server response string. """ return self._command_and_check('unsubscribe', self._normalise_folder(folder))
[docs] def search(self, criteria='ALL', charset=None): """Return a list of messages ids from the currently selected folder matching *criteria*. *criteria* should be a sequence of one or more criteria items. Each criteria item may be either unicode or bytes. Example values:: [u'UNSEEN'] [u'SMALLER', 500] [b'NOT', b'DELETED'] [u'TEXT', u'foo bar', u'FLAGGED', u'SUBJECT', u'baz'] [u'SINCE', date(2005, 4, 3)] IMAPClient will perform conversion and quoting as required. The caller shouldn't do this. It is also possible (but not recommended) to pass the combined criteria as a single string. In this case IMAPClient won't perform quoting, allowing lower-level specification of criteria. Examples of this style:: u'UNSEEN' u'SMALLER 500' b'NOT DELETED' u'TEXT "foo bar" FLAGGED SUBJECT "baz"' b'SINCE 03-Apr-2005' *charset* specifies the character set of the criteria. It defaults to US-ASCII as this is the only charset that a server is required to support by the RFC. UTF-8 is commonly supported however. Any criteria specified using unicode will be encoded as per *charset*. Specifying a unicode criteria that can not be encoded using *charset* will result in an error. Any criteria specified using bytes will be sent as-is but should use an encoding that matches *charset* (the character set given is still passed on to the server). See :rfc:`3501#section-6.4.4` for more details. Note that criteria arguments that are 8-bit will be transparently sent by IMAPClient as IMAP literals to ensure adherence to IMAP standards. The returned list of message ids will have a special *modseq* attribute. This is set if the server included a MODSEQ value to the search response (i.e. if a MODSEQ criteria was included in the search). """ return self._search(criteria, charset)
def _search(self, criteria, charset): args = [] if charset: args.extend([b'CHARSET', to_bytes(charset)]) args.extend(_normalise_search_criteria(criteria, charset)) data = self._raw_command_untagged(b'SEARCH', args) return parse_message_list(data)
[docs] def sort(self, sort_criteria, criteria='ALL', charset='UTF-8'): """Return a list of message ids from the currently selected folder, sorted by *sort_criteria* and optionally filtered by *criteria*. *sort_criteria* may be specified as a sequence of strings or a single string. IMAPClient will take care any required conversions. Valid *sort_criteria* values:: ['ARRIVAL'] ['SUBJECT', 'ARRIVAL'] 'ARRIVAL' 'REVERSE SIZE' The *criteria* and *charset* arguments are as per :py:meth:`.search`. See :rfc:`5256` for full details. Note that SORT is an extension to the IMAP4 standard so it may not be supported by all IMAP servers. """ if not self.has_capability('SORT'): raise ValueError('The server does not support the SORT extension') args = [ _normalise_sort_criteria(sort_criteria), to_bytes(charset), ] args.extend(_normalise_search_criteria(criteria, charset)) ids = self._raw_command_untagged(b'SORT', args, unpack=True) return [long(i) for i in ids.split()]
[docs] def thread(self, algorithm='REFERENCES', criteria='ALL', charset='UTF-8'): """Return a list of messages threads from the currently selected folder which match *criteria*. Each returned thread is a list of messages ids. An example return value containing three message threads:: ((1, 2), (3,), (4, 5, 6)) The optional *algorithm* argument specifies the threading algorithm to use. The *criteria* and *charset* arguments are as per :py:meth:`.search`. See :rfc:`5256` for more details. """ algorithm = to_bytes(algorithm) if not self.has_capability(b'THREAD=' + algorithm): raise ValueError('server does not support %s threading algorithm' % algorithm) args = [algorithm, to_bytes(charset)] + \ _normalise_search_criteria(criteria, charset) data = self._raw_command_untagged(b'THREAD', args) return parse_response(data)
[docs] def get_flags(self, messages): """Return the flags set for each message in *messages* from the currently selected folder. The return value is a dictionary structured like this: ``{ msgid1: (flag1, flag2, ... ), }``. """ response = self.fetch(messages, ['FLAGS']) return self._filter_fetch_dict(response, b'FLAGS')
[docs] def add_flags(self, messages, flags): """Add *flags* to *messages* in the currently selected folder. *flags* should be a sequence of strings. Returns the flags set for each modified message (see *get_flags*). """ return self._store(b'+FLAGS', messages, flags, b'FLAGS')
[docs] def remove_flags(self, messages, flags): """Remove one or more *flags* from *messages* in the currently selected folder. *flags* should be a sequence of strings. Returns the flags set for each modified message (see *get_flags*). """ return self._store(b'-FLAGS', messages, flags, b'FLAGS')
[docs] def set_flags(self, messages, flags): """Set the *flags* for *messages* in the currently selected folder. *flags* should be a sequence of strings. Returns the flags set for each modified message (see *get_flags*). """ return self._store(b'FLAGS', messages, flags, b'FLAGS')
[docs] def get_gmail_labels(self, messages): """Return the label set for each message in *messages* in the currently selected folder. The return value is a dictionary structured like this: ``{ msgid1: (label1, label2, ... ), }``. This only works with IMAP servers that support the X-GM-LABELS attribute (eg. Gmail). """ response = self.fetch(messages, [b'X-GM-LABELS']) return self._filter_fetch_dict(response, b'X-GM-LABELS')
[docs] def add_gmail_labels(self, messages, labels): """Add *labels* to *messages* in the currently selected folder. *labels* should be a sequence of strings. Returns the label set for each modified message (see *get_gmail_labels*). This only works with IMAP servers that support the X-GM-LABELS attribute (eg. Gmail). """ return self._store(b'+X-GM-LABELS', messages, self._normalise_labels(labels), b'X-GM-LABELS')
[docs] def remove_gmail_labels(self, messages, labels): """Remove one or more *labels* from *messages* in the currently selected folder. *labels* should be a sequence of strings. Returns the label set for each modified message (see *get_gmail_labels*). This only works with IMAP servers that support the X-GM-LABELS attribute (eg. Gmail). """ return self._store(b'-X-GM-LABELS', messages, self._normalise_labels(labels), b'X-GM-LABELS')
[docs] def set_gmail_labels(self, messages, labels): """Set the *labels* for *messages* in the currently selected folder. *labels* should be a sequence of strings. Returns the label set for each modified message (see *get_gmail_labels*). This only works with IMAP servers that support the X-GM-LABELS attribute (eg. Gmail). """ return self._store(b'X-GM-LABELS', messages, self._normalise_labels(labels), b'X-GM-LABELS')
[docs] def delete_messages(self, messages): """Delete one or more *messages* from the currently selected folder. Returns the flags set for each modified message (see *get_flags*). """ return self.add_flags(messages, DELETED)
[docs] def fetch(self, messages, data, modifiers=None): """Retrieve selected *data* associated with one or more *messages* in the currently selected folder. *data* should be specified as a sequnce of strings, one item per data selector, for example ``['INTERNALDATE', 'RFC822']``. *modifiers* are required for some extensions to the IMAP protocol (eg. :rfc:`4551`). These should be a sequnce of strings if specified, for example ``['CHANGEDSINCE 123']``. A dictionary is returned, indexed by message number. Each item in this dictionary is also a dictionary, with an entry corresponding to each item in *data*. Returned values will be appropriately typed. For example, integer values will be returned as Python integers, timestamps will be returned as datetime instances and ENVELOPE responses will be returned as :py:class:`Envelope <imapclient.response_types.Envelope>` instances. String data will generally be returned as bytes (Python 3) or str (Python 2). In addition to an element for each *data* item, the dict returned for each message also contains a *SEQ* key containing the sequence number for the message. This allows for mapping between the UID and sequence number (when the *use_uid* property is ``True``). Example:: >> c.fetch([3293, 3230], ['INTERNALDATE', 'FLAGS']) {3230: {b'FLAGS': (b'\\Seen',), b'INTERNALDATE': datetime.datetime(2011, 1, 30, 13, 32, 9), b'SEQ': 84}, 3293: {b'FLAGS': (), b'INTERNALDATE': datetime.datetime(2011, 2, 24, 19, 30, 36), b'SEQ': 110}} """ if not messages: return {} args = [ 'FETCH', join_message_ids(messages), seq_to_parenstr_upper(data), seq_to_parenstr_upper(modifiers) if modifiers else None ] if self.use_uid: args.insert(0, 'UID') tag = self._imap._command(*args) typ, data = self._imap._command_complete('FETCH', tag) self._checkok('fetch', typ, data) typ, data = self._imap._untagged_response(typ, data, 'FETCH') return parse_fetch_response(data, self.normalise_times, self.use_uid)
[docs] def append(self, folder, msg, flags=(), msg_time=None): """Append a message to *folder*. *msg* should be a string contains the full message including headers. *flags* should be a sequence of message flags to set. If not specified no flags will be set. *msg_time* is an optional datetime instance specifying the date and time to set on the message. The server will set a time if it isn't specified. If *msg_time* contains timezone information (tzinfo), this will be honoured. Otherwise the local machine's time zone sent to the server. Returns the APPEND response as returned by the server. """ if msg_time: time_val = '"%s"' % datetime_to_INTERNALDATE(msg_time) if PY3: time_val = to_unicode(time_val) else: time_val = to_bytes(time_val) else: time_val = None return self._command_and_check('append', self._normalise_folder(folder), seq_to_parenstr(flags), time_val, to_bytes(msg), unpack=True)
[docs] def copy(self, messages, folder): """Copy one or more messages from the current folder to *folder*. Returns the COPY response string returned by the server. """ return self._command_and_check('copy', join_message_ids(messages), self._normalise_folder(folder), uid=True, unpack=True)
[docs] def expunge(self): """Remove any messages from the currently selected folder that have the ``\\Deleted`` flag set. The return value is the server response message followed by a list of expunge responses. For example:: ('Expunge completed.', [(2, 'EXPUNGE'), (1, 'EXPUNGE'), (0, 'RECENT')]) In this case, the responses indicate that the message with sequence numbers 2 and 1 where deleted, leaving no recent messages in the folder. See :rfc:`3501#section-6.4.3` section 6.4.3 and :rfc:`3501#section-7.4.1` section 7.4.1 for more details. """ tag = self._imap._command('EXPUNGE') return self._consume_until_tagged_response(tag, 'EXPUNGE')
[docs] def getacl(self, folder): """Returns a list of ``(who, acl)`` tuples describing the access controls for *folder*. """ data = self._command_and_check('getacl', self._normalise_folder(folder)) parts = list(response_lexer.TokenSource(data)) parts = parts[1:] # First item is folder name return [(parts[i], parts[i + 1]) for i in xrange(0, len(parts), 2)]
[docs] def setacl(self, folder, who, what): """Set an ACL (*what*) for user (*who*) for a folder. Set *what* to an empty string to remove an ACL. Returns the server response string. """ return self._command_and_check('setacl', self._normalise_folder(folder), who, what, unpack=True)
def _check_resp(self, expected, command, typ, data): """Check command responses for errors. Raises IMAPClient.Error if the command fails. """ if typ != expected: raise self.Error("%s failed: %s" % (command, to_unicode(data[0]))) def _consume_until_tagged_response(self, tag, command): tagged_commands = self._imap.tagged_commands resps = [] while True: line = self._imap._get_response() if tagged_commands[tag]: break resps.append(_parse_untagged_response(line)) typ, data = tagged_commands.pop(tag) self._checkok(command, typ, data) return data[0], resps def _raw_command_untagged(self, command, args, unpack=False): # TODO: eventually this should replace _command_and_check (call it _command) typ, data = self._raw_command(command, args) typ, data = self._imap._untagged_response(typ, data, to_unicode(command)) self._checkok(to_unicode(command), typ, data) if unpack: return data[0] return data def _raw_command(self, command, args): """Run the specific command with the arguments given. 8-bit arguments are sent as literals. The return value is (typ, data). This sidesteps much of imaplib's command sending infrastructure because imaplib can't send more than one literal. *command* should be specified as bytes. *args* should be specified as a list of bytes. """ if self.debug >= 4: self._log_ts() self._log_write('> ') command = command.upper() if isinstance(args, tuple): args = list(args) if not isinstance(args, list): args = [args] tag = self._imap._new_tag() prefix = [to_bytes(tag)] if self.use_uid: prefix.append(b'UID') prefix.append(command) line = [] for item, is_last in _iter_with_last(prefix + args): if not isinstance(item, bytes): raise ValueError("command args must be passed as bytes") if _is8bit(item): if line: out = b' '.join(line) if self.debug >= 4: self._log_write(out) self._imap.send(out) line = [] self._send_literal(tag, item) if not is_last: self._imap.send(b' ') else: line.append(item) if line: out = b' '.join(line) if self.debug >= 4: self._log_write(out) self._imap.send(out) self._imap.send(b'\r\n') if self.debug >= 4: self._log_write("", end=True) return self._imap._command_complete(to_unicode(command), tag) def _send_literal(self, tag, item): """Send a single literal for the command with *tag*. """ out = b' {' + str(len(item)).encode('ascii') + b'}\r\n' if self.debug >= 4: self._log_write(out, end=True) self._imap.send(out) # Wait for continuation response while self._imap._get_response(): tagged_resp = self._imap.tagged_commands.get(tag) if tagged_resp: raise self.AbortError( "unexpected response while waiting for continuation response: " + repr(tagged_resp)) if self.debug >= 4: self._log_write(" (literal) > ") self._log_write(item) self._imap.send(item) def _command_and_check(self, command, *args, **kwargs): unpack = pop_with_default(kwargs, 'unpack', False) uid = pop_with_default(kwargs, 'uid', False) assert not kwargs, "unexpected keyword args: " + ', '.join(kwargs) if uid and self.use_uid: if PY3: command = to_unicode(command) # imaplib must die typ, data = self._imap.uid(command, *args) else: meth = getattr(self._imap, to_unicode(command)) typ, data = meth(*args) self._checkok(command, typ, data) if unpack: return data[0] return data def _checkok(self, command, typ, data): self._check_resp('OK', command, typ, data) def _store(self, cmd, messages, flags, fetch_key): """Worker function for the various flag manipulation methods. *cmd* is the STORE command to use (eg. '+FLAGS'). """ if not messages: return {} data = self._command_and_check('store', join_message_ids(messages), cmd, seq_to_parenstr(flags), uid=True) return self._filter_fetch_dict(parse_fetch_response(data), fetch_key) def _filter_fetch_dict(self, fetch_dict, key): return dict((msgid, data[key]) for msgid, data in iteritems(fetch_dict)) def __debug_get(self): return self._imap.debug def __debug_set(self, level): if level is True: level = 4 elif level is False: level = 0 self._imap.debug = level debug = property(__debug_get, __debug_set) def _log_ts(self): self.log_file.write('%M:%S.%f') + ' ') def _log_write(self, text, end=False): if isinstance(text, binary_type): text = repr(text) for i, c in enumerate(text): if c in "\"'": break text = text[i + 1:-1] self.log_file.write(text) if end: self.log_file.write('\n') self.log_file.flush() def _log(self, text): self._log_ts() self._log_write(text, end=True) def _normalise_folder(self, folder_name): if isinstance(folder_name, binary_type): folder_name = folder_name.decode('ascii') if self.folder_encode: folder_name = encode_utf7(folder_name) return _quote(folder_name) def _normalise_labels(self, labels): if isinstance(labels, (text_type, binary_type)): labels = (labels,) return [_quote(l) for l in labels]
def _quote(arg): if isinstance(arg, text_type): arg = arg.replace('\\', '\\\\') arg = arg.replace('"', '\\"') q = '"' else: arg = arg.replace(b'\\', b'\\\\') arg = arg.replace(b'"', b'\\"') q = b'"' return q + arg + q def _normalise_search_criteria(criteria, charset=None): if not criteria: raise ValueError('no criteria specified') if not charset: charset = 'us-ascii' if isinstance(criteria, (text_type, binary_type)): return [to_bytes(criteria, charset)] return [_handle_one_search_criteria(item, charset) for item in criteria] def _handle_one_search_criteria(item, charset): if isinstance(item, int): return str(item).encode('ascii') elif isinstance(item, (datetime, date)): return format_criteria_date(item) return _maybe_quote(to_bytes(item, charset)) def _normalise_sort_criteria(criteria, charset=None): if isinstance(criteria, (text_type, binary_type)): criteria = [criteria] return b'(' + b' '.join(to_bytes(item).upper() for item in criteria) + b')' def _maybe_quote(arg): """Apply quoting, but only if it's required - otherwise return the input unchanged. """ out = arg.replace(b'\\', b'\\\\') out = out.replace(b'"', b'\\"') if out != arg or b' ' in out: return b'"' + out + b'"' return arg # normalise_text_list, seq_to_parentstr etc have to return unicode # because imaplib handles flags and sort criteria assuming these are # passed as unicode def normalise_text_list(items): return list(_normalise_text_list(items)) def seq_to_parenstr(items): return _join_and_paren(_normalise_text_list(items)) def seq_to_parenstr_upper(items): return _join_and_paren(item.upper() for item in _normalise_text_list(items)) def _join_and_paren(items): return '(' + ' '.join(items) + ')' def _normalise_text_list(items): if isinstance(items, (text_type, binary_type)): items = (items,) return (to_unicode(c) for c in items) def join_message_ids(messages): """Convert a sequence of messages ids or a single integer message id into an id byte string for use with IMAP commands """ if isinstance(messages, (text_type, binary_type, integer_types)): messages = (to_bytes(messages),) return b','.join(_maybe_int_to_bytes(m) for m in messages) def _maybe_int_to_bytes(val): if isinstance(val, integer_types): return str(val).encode('us-ascii') return to_bytes(val) def _parse_untagged_response(text): assert text.startswith(b'* ') text = text[2:] if text.startswith((b'OK ', b'NO ')): return tuple(text.split(b' ', 1)) return parse_response([text]) def pop_with_default(dct, key, default): if key in dct: return dct.pop(key) return default def as_pairs(items): i = 0 last_item = None for item in items: if i % 2: yield last_item, item else: last_item = item i += 1 def _is8bit(data): return any(b > 127 for b in iterbytes(data)) def _iter_with_last(items): last_i = len(items) - 1 for i, item in enumerate(items): yield item, i == last_i _not_present = object() class _dict_bytes_normaliser(object): """Wrap a dict with unicode/bytes keys and normalise the keys to bytes. """ def __init__(self, d): self._d = d def iteritems(self): for key, value in iteritems(self._d): yield to_bytes(key), value # For Python 3 compatibility. items = iteritems def __contains__(self, ink): for k in self._gen_keys(ink): if k in self._d: return True return False def get(self, ink, default=_not_present): for k in self._gen_keys(ink): try: return self._d[k] except KeyError: pass if default == _not_present: raise KeyError(ink) return default def pop(self, ink, default=_not_present): for k in self._gen_keys(ink): try: return self._d.pop(k) except KeyError: pass if default == _not_present: raise KeyError(ink) return default def _gen_keys(self, k): yield k if isinstance(k, binary_type): yield to_unicode(k) else: yield to_bytes(k)